Without teeth you couldn’t chew your food before swallowing, your smile would be less than stellar, and your face would have a sunken in appearance. The leading cause of tooth loss is periodontal disease. It is a condition where the gum tissue becomes inflamed due to infection caused by bacteria. Click here for more information.
The Beginning Stage – Gingivitis
Gum disease treatment in Indianapolis IN seeks to reverse the progression of periodontal diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis begins as a result of lingering bacterial plaque on the teeth. Indications that you may have the onset of gum disease include tender or swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing. Experts contend that if addressed at this stage with daily oral hygiene the condition is reversible.
The Final Stage – Periodontitis
Gingivitis can potentially advance to a serious disease known as periodontitis. Toxins produced by the accumulation of plaque affect not just the gum tissues but also the supporting structures of bone and ligaments. Advanced cases of the disease may cause the bone and gums to recede causing pockets to develop between the gums and teeth. Progression of the disease may cause the teeth to become so loose that they must be surgically treated or removed entirely. But take heart, there are treatment methods available to help prevent the disease from advancing to this point.
Nonsurgical & Surgical Treatment Methods
Gum Disease Treatment in Indianapolis IN typically begins with the dentist recommending patients to alter their oral hygiene habits. The predecessor to periodontal disease is the accumulation of dental plaque, so removing it on a daily basis, is essential. Conservative treatment methods, such as scaling and root planing or RSP, will be performed before more invasive surgical procedures. RSP can be thought of as an advanced dental cleaning where plaque is also removed from the tooth’s roots as well. One surgical method that is often performed is flap surgery, where the gum tissue is folded back and the bacteria removed, permitting the tissue to reattach to clean, healthy bone.
Cases of periodontal disease affect nearly half the U.S. population over 30-years of age. However, good oral hygiene habits combined with many treatment methods, often results in positive results. Since good oral hygiene habits play a significant role in dental health, your dental health provider will demonstrate proper flossing and brushing methods, so that they can be done at home.